Today’s Japanese will be: Particles Part 5… and Hiragana Ni
Shika – Meaning Only, follows the word in the sentence that is singled out as being the only, It is always used with the negative form of the verb, Different from Dake,however Shika implys that there should have been more.
Only I watched TV, but others should have – Watashi shika telebi o mimasen deshita
Dake – Also meaning Only, follows the word in the sentence which is singled out as being the only.
Only I watched TV – Telebi dake mimasu
Ya – Connects nouns that are alike or are only part of a list
Things like vegetables, meats and fruit – Yasai ya niku ya kudamono